Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Pashley Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Meads, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7615 / 50°45'41"N

Longitude: 0.251 / 0°15'3"E

OS Eastings: 558850.028012

OS Northings: 98181.703864

OS Grid: TV588981

Mapcode National: GBR MVD.48N

Mapcode Global: FRA C7D2.KKR

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Pashley Hill

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1963

Last Amended: 5 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009076

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20131

County: East Sussex

Electoral Ward/Division: Meads

Built-Up Area: Eastbourne

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Eastbourne St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a hill in an area
of chalk downland. The barrow comprises a mound 15m in diameter and 1.2m high
surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument. The ditch is now only visible at ground level as a slight
2.5m wide depression on the north side of the mound, the rest having become
infilled over the years and surviving as a buried feature.
The triangulation point on the top of the mound is excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited damage caused by rabbit burrowing and the placement of the
triangulation point on the mound, the bowl barrow on Pashley Hill survives
well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating
both to the monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 275

Source: Historic England

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