Ancient Monuments

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Harthill Moor bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Elton, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1596 / 53°9'34"N

Longitude: -1.6695 / 1°40'10"W

OS Eastings: 422193.90553

OS Northings: 362543.751692

OS Grid: SK221625

Mapcode National: GBR 58C.YJ9

Mapcode Global: WHCDF.BV75

Entry Name: Harthill Moor bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 16 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009435

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23241

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Elton

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Youlgreave All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

Harthill Moor bowl barrow is located on the eastern gritstone moorlands of
Derbyshire. The monument includes an amorphous mound measuring 20m by 11m and
surviving to a height of c.0.75m. Originally the barrow would have been
circular but it has been spread along its north-south axis by ploughing. A
plough ridge associated with this episode grazes the west side of the barrow.
The monument was partially excavated in 1877 by Jewitt and Greenwell when a
disturbed limestone cist was discovered together with the remains of two
cremations. These remains date the barrow to the Bronze Age. In addition, it
forms part of the rich prehistoric landscape on Harthill Moor which also
includes two enclosures and Nine Stone Close stone circle.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although Harthill Moor bowl barrow has been disturbed by excavation and
earlier agricultural practice, it still survives reasonably well and retains
further significant archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Goss, W H, The Life and Death of Llewellyn Jewitt, (1889), 289
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 42

Source: Historic England

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