Ancient Monuments

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Calwich Low bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Ellastone, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.9911 / 52°59'27"N

Longitude: -1.8091 / 1°48'32"W

OS Eastings: 412912.574797

OS Northings: 343767.217543

OS Grid: SK129437

Mapcode National: GBR 48Z.KFN

Mapcode Global: WHCFB.52SS

Entry Name: Calwich Low bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 5 February 1962

Last Amended: 28 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009408

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13595

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Ellastone

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Ellastone St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes Calwich Low bowl barrow located on the crest of a shelf
overlooking the Dove Valley. It survives as a slightly oval flat-topped
earthen mound up to 0.8m high with maximum dimensions of 30m by 29m. The
monument is not known to have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Calwich Low bowl barrow is a rare survival in Staffordshire of an unexcavated
example of this class of monument. It will contain undisturbed archaeological
deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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