Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 440m north of Banks Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wootton, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0011 / 53°0'3"N

Longitude: -1.8533 / 1°51'11"W

OS Eastings: 409940.128822

OS Northings: 344874.428622

OS Grid: SK099448

Mapcode National: GBR 37F.S9F

Mapcode Global: WHCF3.HTPN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 440m north of Banks Farm

Scheduled Date: 25 January 1962

Last Amended: 16 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008968

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22410

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Wootton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Ellastone St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the southern edge of a broad
shelf 440m north of Banks Farm. It survives as an oval earth and stone mound
up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 21m by 18m. There are two small
pits up to 0.2m deep on the barrow's summit, the larger measures 2.6m
diameter, the smaller 1.75m diameter. The monument is not known to have been

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite minor disturbance to the monument's summit the bowl barrow 440m north
of Banks Farm survives well. It is a rare survival in Staffordshire of an
unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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