Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Round barrow 900m NNE of Oak House

A Scheduled Monument in Bilsdale Midcable, North Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3734 / 54°22'24"N

Longitude: -1.1154 / 1°6'55"W

OS Eastings: 457565.790946

OS Northings: 497903.811058

OS Grid: SE575979

Mapcode National: GBR NKNW.B0

Mapcode Global: WHD80.VB2M

Entry Name: Round barrow 900m NNE of Oak House

Scheduled Date: 29 October 1968

Last Amended: 1 November 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009363

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25548

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Bilsdale Midcable

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Upper Ryedale

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
top of Nab End Moor.
The barrow has a double circle of kerb stones which once would have surrounded
an earth and stone mound. It is round in shape and 10m in diameter. The
stones stand up to 1m above the turf and are up to 0.5m wide. Several have
fallen flat and are no longer earthbound. The presence of these stones has led
in the past to the site being incorrectly identified as a stone circle. The
barrow mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled
in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. There is a
footpath along the east edge of the monument. There are many barrows on this
area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of these lie in closely associated groups,
particulary along the watersheds. They provide evidence of territorial
organisation marking divisions of land; divisions which still remain as some
parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite disturbance this barrow has survived well and significant information
about the original form, burials placed within it and evidence of earlier land
use beneath the mound will be preserved.
Together with adjacent barrows it is thought to represent a territorial
marker. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the north and
central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight into burial
practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of
the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different
geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 116-20

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.