Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow south of Townend

A Scheduled Monument in Sheen, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.1408 / 53°8'26"N

Longitude: -1.8383 / 1°50'17"W

OS Eastings: 410912.894572

OS Northings: 360414.871152

OS Grid: SK109604

Mapcode National: GBR 35W.41N

Mapcode Global: WHCDJ.QBT1

Entry Name: Bowl barrow south of Townend

Scheduled Date: 13 June 1968

Last Amended: 29 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009341

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22427

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Sheen

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Sheen St Luke

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow near the southern end of the crest of a
broad ridge in a small enclosure sandwiched between factory buildings and a
road. It survives as an oval earthen mound up to 0.8m high with maximum
dimensions of 26.5m by 23m. Limited antiquarian investigation located a
cremation on the old landsurface with a fragment of pottery and some flint
artefacts close by.

A miniature railway line and trackbed on the monument's east and south sides,
together with drystone walls on all sides and a wooden fence on the south-east
side, are all excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath these
features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigation the bowl barrow south of Townend
survives well. This investigation located human remains, pottery and flint
artefacts, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist
within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 179
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,

Source: Historic England

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