Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pond barrow on the western margin of Durrington Down Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Durrington, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1965 / 51°11'47"N

Longitude: -1.8348 / 1°50'5"W

OS Eastings: 411639.241

OS Northings: 144159.107597

OS Grid: SU116441

Mapcode National: GBR 3Y9.YS0

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.46W2

Entry Name: Pond barrow on the western margin of Durrington Down Plantation

Scheduled Date: 23 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009128

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10398

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Durrington

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Durrington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a pond barrow located 250m south of The Packway on the
western edge of Durrington Down Plantation. The diameter of the pond is 20.5m
and is now 0.2m deep. The bank is 0.1m high and 2m wide, and most obvious on
the east side.
The west bank of the monument is masked by the adjacent metalled track which
is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and the earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important.

Pond barrows are ceremonial or funerary monuments of the Early to Middle
Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1500 and 1000 BC. The term
`barrow' is something of a misnomer as, rather than a mound, they were
constructed as regular circular depressions with an embanked rim and,
occasionally an outer ditch or an entrance through the bank. Pond barrows
occur either in isolation or within round barrow cemeteries. Pond barrows are
the rarest form of round barrow, with about 60 examples recorded nationally
and a distribution largely confined to Wiltshire and Dorset, many of which are
in the Stonehenge area. As few examples have been excavated, they have a
particularly high value for future study. Due to their rarity, all identified
pond barrows will normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite having been disturbed by forestry and the construction of a track, the
pond barrow on the western margin of Durrington Down Plantation survives in
the form of buried remains in addition to the visible section of bank. It will
contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 225
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 171

Source: Historic England

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