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Bowl barrow 640m SSW of Saxondown Farm: part of a round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Kingston near Lewes, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8518 / 50°51'6"N

Longitude: -0.0321 / 0°1'55"W

OS Eastings: 538623.699146

OS Northings: 107652.378039

OS Grid: TQ386076

Mapcode National: GBR KQ6.JQN

Mapcode Global: FRA B6TV.9BP

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 640m SSW of Saxondown Farm: part of a round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 15 April 1966

Last Amended: 19 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009100

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20111

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Kingston near Lewes

Built-Up Area: Kingston near Lewes

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Kingston St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of an original group of five, forming
a linear round barrow cemetery aligned east-west along the crest of a ridge of
chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound 10m in diameter and 0.7m
high with a central depression which suggests that it was once partially
excavated.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and is
now only visible as a slight change in the vegetation, caused by increased
moisture in the area of the ditch which survives as a buried feature to a
width of c.2m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow 640m SSW of Saxondown
Farm survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains
and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in
which the barrow was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 264
Other
Title: TQ30NE19
Source Date: 1972
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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