Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow south of Newmarket Bottom

A Scheduled Monument in Woodingdean, Brighton and Hove

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8431 / 50°50'35"N

Longitude: -0.0588 / 0°3'31"W

OS Eastings: 536764.457817

OS Northings: 106633.031839

OS Grid: TQ367066

Mapcode National: GBR KQC.3XW

Mapcode Global: FRA B6RW.4WK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow south of Newmarket Bottom

Scheduled Date: 11 November 1966

Last Amended: 19 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009047

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20110

County: Brighton and Hove

Electoral Ward/Division: Woodingdean

Built-Up Area: Woodingdean

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Kingston St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a low ridge in
chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound between 18m and 20m in
diameter which stands to a height of 0.5m. Surrounding this is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is
no longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years but
now survives as a buried feature c.3m in diameter.
The site is believed to have been partially excavated in 1952 though poorly
recorded.
The fence which crosses the southern edge of the barrow is excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation and damage by cultivation, the bowl
barrow south of Newmarket Bottom survives comparatively well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental information relating both to the
monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 264
Other
Ordnance Survey, TQ 30 NE 22, (1972)

Source: Historic England

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