Ancient Monuments

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Shenstone Park moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Shenstone, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 52.6292 / 52°37'45"N

Longitude: -1.8254 / 1°49'31"W

OS Eastings: 411914.416744

OS Northings: 303504.948364

OS Grid: SK119035

Mapcode National: GBR 4FF.1BQ

Mapcode Global: WHCH1.X5YR

Entry Name: Shenstone Park moated site

Scheduled Date: 19 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009035

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22437

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Shenstone

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Shenstone St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a moated site located on a slightly elevated position at
Shenstone Park. It contains a rectangular island measuring c.76m by 46m
that is surrounded by a waterlogged moat up to 15m wide and 2-4m deep. An
outer bank 8m wide and 0.3m high flanks the south-eastern arm of the moat.
The monument was originally the site of a hunting lodge erected by the Doyley
family soon after the Norman Conquest. Shenstone Park is first mentioned in
documentary sources in 1236. Henry VIII had a royal park here (1509-47) and it
was still maintained as such in 1642 during the reign of Charles I. The house
on the island was abandoned later in the 17th century.
A modern footbridge giving access to the island, and a pump house, pipe and
inspection chamber at the eastern corner of the moat, are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite the island's overgrown appearance, the monument survives well and the
earthworks are well preserved. The use of the house on the island as a hunting
lodge within a royal park exemplifies the diversity in function of this class
of monument.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
SMR No 1104, Staffs SMR, Shenstone Park: Shenstone,
To Robinson, K D MPPFW, Mr Bartlett (site owner), (1991)

Source: Historic England

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