Ancient Monuments

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Moated site and plunge bath at The Manor House

A Scheduled Monument in Fradley and Streethay, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 52.6947 / 52°41'41"N

Longitude: -1.7892 / 1°47'21"W

OS Eastings: 414342.145727

OS Northings: 310804.440313

OS Grid: SK143108

Mapcode National: GBR 4DP.4GH

Mapcode Global: WHCGP.HJ6H

Entry Name: Moated site and plunge bath at The Manor House

Scheduled Date: 18 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011063

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21528

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Fradley and Streethay

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Lichfield St Michael and St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument at The Manor House in Streethay includes a moated site, later
converted into a fish farm, and a 17th century plunge bath. The Manor House
which now occupies part of the site, dating from the early 17th century with
18th and 20th century alterations, is a Grade II Listed Building and excluded
from the scheduling.
Descriptions until the 18th century confirm that the site was originally
surrounded by a water-filled moat. The exact location of the infilled eastern
moat arm is unknown but the western arm and the western section of the
southern arm of the moat are still visible. The later pond to the south of the
moated site is thought to have destroyed the south east section of the moat. A
section of the northern arm has been redug in recent times along its original
The moat on the western and southern sides measures up to 20m wide and more
than 2m deep and is water-filled. There is a deeper, narrower channel cut into
the base of the moat. At the south eastern end of the western end of the moat
are the remains of an 18th century sluice. It is not certain where the
original access to the moated island lay but a bridge or causeway over the
infilled eastern arm of the moat is most likely.
Documentary records indicate that the 'Great Moat' was cleaned out and
converted into a fish farm in 1704, at which time it is thought that the
northern and eastern moat arms were filled in and the site achieved its
present configuration. There are slight earthworks on the moated island to the
south of the present manor house which indicate the former location of earlier
The cold plunge bath is situated to the south west of The Manor House and is a
Grade II Listed Building. It is built of ashlar on a square plan with an
opening in the east side. It has a corbelled stone roof surmounted by a
foliated finial and is thought to have been built as part of work undertaken
in about 1704.
The Manor House, its associated outbuildings, the surfaces of all paths and
driveways and the fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground
beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument at The Manor House is a rare example of a medieval moated site
which was converted to a fish farm in the early 18th century. The plunge bath
is of interest both in its own right and as an unusual feature associated with
The Manor House. The moated island and the moat ditches will retain important
artefactual and structural evidence for the medieval and post-medieval
occupation of the site, whilst the infilled parts of the moat ditches will
retain buried deposits of value in the understanding of the economy and
environment of the site's occupants. There is detailed documention for the
moated site's conversion to a fish farm.

Source: Historic England


References in the William Salt Library, Stafford,

Source: Historic England

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