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Prehistoric clearance cairn 1.04km north-west of Wardbrook Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5383 / 50°32'17"N

Longitude: -4.4763 / 4°28'34"W

OS Eastings: 224619.484918

OS Northings: 73876.264482

OS Grid: SX246738

Mapcode National: GBR NF.HG09

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HM.ZWZ

Entry Name: Prehistoric clearance cairn 1.04km north-west of Wardbrook Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009000

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15138

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Linkinhorne

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a large Prehistoric clearance cairn situated near a
broadly contemporary field system, linear boundary and other clearance cairns
on the lower western slope of the Langstone Downs on SE Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a circular turf-covered mound of heaped rubble, 7.5m in
diameter. The mound's height is accentuated by its location on the crest of a
natural depression in the lower slope. Consequently the mound rises 0.5m above
the ground level to the NE, behind the depression, and 1.5m above the ground
level to the SW, in the slope to the floor of the depression. A north-south
hollow, 1m wide and up to 0.3m deep, runs across the top of the mound,
resulting from an unrecorded early antiquarian exploration. The cairn is one
of at least seventeen similarly large cairns forming a dispersed cairnfield
among and adjoining the cleared plots of a Prehistoric field system. This
cairn is situated 38m NE of another similar cairn and is 42m south of a major
linear boundary which subdivides the field system.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time.

This cairn has survived reasonably well. Despite the limited disturbance
evident from an early antiquarian exploration, the cairn will retain many of
its original features. The integration of the cairnfield containing this cairn
with an extensive Prehistoric field system and linear boundaries indicates
their broad contemporaneity, demonstrating well the nature of agricultural
practices and organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entries: PRN 1263 & 1274 (part),
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2473 & SX 2474,
Qualification consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1264,

Source: Historic England

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