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Prehistoric clearance cairn 917m north-west of Wardbrook Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Linkinhorne, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5366 / 50°32'11"N

Longitude: -4.4752 / 4°28'30"W

OS Eastings: 224695.218923

OS Northings: 73682.030382

OS Grid: SX246736

Mapcode National: GBR NF.HGBS

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JN.0CC

Entry Name: Prehistoric clearance cairn 917m north-west of Wardbrook Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008832

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15125

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Linkinhorne

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Linkinhorne

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a large elongated Prehistoric clearance cairn, part of a
dispersed cairnfield of ten similar cairns including a small funerary round
cairn situated near extensive Prehistoric field systems, linear boundaries,
hut circles and cairns on the lower western slope of the Langstone Downs on SE
Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives with a markedly elongated mound of well consolidated heaped
rubble, largely turf-covered with few exposures of the stone content. The
mound measures 11m east-west by 6m north-south and rises 0.9m high.
This cairn is situated at the north-eastern side of the larger dispersed group
of cairns which is arranged in a horseshoe-shaped curve encompassing 0.75
hectare of gently sloping stone-free land. A large circular cairn at the
northern end of the group, beyond the area of this monument, is of sufficient
size and form to suggest a funerary function. Prehistoric field boundaries
and cleared plots, incorporating other clearance cairns, extend to within 25m
of this group on its SE, east and north sides.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones
set in a single line, or in two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred
metres in length. They are often sited close to prehistoric burial monuments,
such as small cairns and cists, and to ritual monuments, such as stone
circles, and are therefore considered to have had an important ceremonial
function. The seven stone alignments known on Bodmin Moor date from the Late
Neolithic to Early Bronze Age periods (c.2400-1600 BC) and provide rare
evidence of ceremonial and ritual practices on the Moor during these periods.
Due to their rarity and longevity as a monument type, all examples that are
not extensively damaged will be considered nationally important.

This cairn has survived well with no evident or recorded disturbance. The
close proximity of the cairnfield containing this cairn to extensive
Prehistoric field systems, settlement sites and other groups of cairns and its
integration with them indicates their broad contemporaneity, demonstrating
well the nature of agricultural practices and organisation of land use during
the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Bradley, R, The Prehistoric Settlement of Britain, (1978)
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978)
Other
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2473 SX 2474 SX 2573,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1398 (NW edge);1274 (SE edge);1287,
Qualification consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1264,

Source: Historic England

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