Ancient Monuments

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Waterfall Low bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Waterhouses, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.068 / 53°4'4"N

Longitude: -1.8729 / 1°52'22"W

OS Eastings: 408612.357903

OS Northings: 352310.295305

OS Grid: SK086523

Mapcode National: GBR 36M.MB9

Mapcode Global: WHCDX.64DV

Entry Name: Waterfall Low bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1970

Last Amended: 16 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008967

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22409

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Waterhouses

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Waterfall St James and St Bartholomew

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes Waterfall Low bowl barrow located at the southern end of
the crest of a ridge 530m north-west of Redwayclose Barn. It survives as a
slightly mutilated oval earth and stone mound 1.5m high with maximum
dimensions of 25m by 23m. Stone robbing has left the barrow with a central
pit up to 1.2m deep and a number of minor quarries on its southern side.
Limited antiquarian investigation at the barrow's centre located a rock-cut
grave containing a few fragments of bone. Elsewhere in the trench human
bones, antler tines, horse teeth and flint artefacts were found.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some mutilation of the barrow by stone robbing and limited antiquarian
investigation of the monument's centre, Waterfall Low bowl barrow survives
reasonably well. This investigation located human and faunal remains together
with flint artefacts, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will
exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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