Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 180m south-east of the Izaak Walton Hotel

A Scheduled Monument in Ilam, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0529 / 53°3'10"N

Longitude: -1.7853 / 1°47'7"W

OS Eastings: 414487.796394

OS Northings: 350644.753577

OS Grid: SK144506

Mapcode National: GBR 487.RF9

Mapcode Global: WHCDY.KJ2G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 180m south-east of the Izaak Walton Hotel

Scheduled Date: 16 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008959

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22401

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Ilam

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Ilam

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located 180m south-east of the Izaak
Walton Hotel on a low spur in the valley above the confluence of the rivers
Dove and Manifold. It survives as an oval earthen mound up to 1.4m high with
maximum dimensions of 21m by 15m. The extreme south-westerly edge of the
barrow has been partly truncated by an adjacent road. The monument is not
known to have been excavated.
A post and wire fence running along the barrows south-western side close to
the road is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite past ploughing of the barrow and minor damage to the south-western
edge of the mound caused by the proximity of a road, the bowl barrow 180m
south-east of the Izaak Walton Hotel survives well. It is a rare survival in
Staffordshire of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will
contain undisturbed archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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