Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow east of Brown Hills Beck

A Scheduled Monument in Rathmell, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0377 / 54°2'15"N

Longitude: -2.3733 / 2°22'23"W

OS Eastings: 375649.800407

OS Northings: 460251.039773

OS Grid: SD756602

Mapcode National: GBR CPVR.ZC

Mapcode Global: WH95K.JS20

Entry Name: Bowl barrow east of Brown Hills Beck

Scheduled Date: 8 January 1964

Last Amended: 15 September 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008911

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23714

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Rathmell

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Tosside St Bartholomew

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located within Gisburn Forest immediately
to the east of Brown Hills Beck. It includes an oval earthen mound up to 10m
high with maximum dimensions of 40m by 30m. The monument's long axis is
aligned along the valley.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some erosion of the monument's western side, the bowl barrow east of
Brown Hills Beck survives reasonably well. It is not known to have been
excavated and will therefore contain undisturbed archaeological deposits
within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
FMW Report, Capstick, B., SAM Report, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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