Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn 340m north of Scar Top Garage

A Scheduled Monument in Giggleswick, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0906 / 54°5'26"N

Longitude: -2.312 / 2°18'43"W

OS Eastings: 379690.19419

OS Northings: 466126.704701

OS Grid: SD796661

Mapcode National: GBR DP94.8C

Mapcode Global: WH95D.GF8W

Entry Name: Cairn 340m north of Scar Top Garage

Scheduled Date: 7 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014339

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27942

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Giggleswick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Giggleswick St Alkelda

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a cairn built on level ground above a limestone
escarpment overlooking the lower reaches of Ribblesdale to the south east and
Clapdale to the north west. It has a diameter of c.12m and an average height
of 0.75m with a smooth profile. The cairn also has a central shallow
depression 1m by 1.5m. The cairn is one of a number of prehistoric monuments
in the immediate area of Giggleswick Scar.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Although the cairn has been slightly disturbed, much of it survives intact
and in a prominent position and will retain further archaeological deposits.
It is one of a number of prehistoric monuments on Giggleswick Scar.

Source: Historic England

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