Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow west of Flanchford Road: part of the Reigate Heath round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Buckland, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2366 / 51°14'11"N

Longitude: -0.2302 / 0°13'48"W

OS Eastings: 523647.180493

OS Northings: 150088.187501

OS Grid: TQ236500

Mapcode National: GBR JHZ.GLR

Mapcode Global: VHGS8.Y5NW

Entry Name: Bowl barrow west of Flanchford Road: part of the Reigate Heath round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 16 November 1934

Last Amended: 23 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008857

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23603

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Buckland

Built-Up Area: Reigate

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Reigate

Church of England Diocese: Southwark

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow forming part of the dispersed round barrow
cemetery on Reigate Heath. It is set on a south-east facing slope in an area
of Lower Greensand.
The barrow has a mound 16m in diameter and 0.6m high which was built into the
slope, therefore making it more visible from the downslope south-eastern side.
Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch surrounds the mound. This
has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The barrow west of Flanchford Road survives well and forms an integral part of
the dispersed round barrow cemetery on Reigate Heath. Despite tree planting
over the years, the monument will contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, , Vol. 79, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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