Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 200m north of Flanchford Road: part of Reigate Heath round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Buckland, Surrey

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Latitude: 51.239 / 51°14'20"N

Longitude: -0.2284 / 0°13'42"W

OS Eastings: 523766.253737

OS Northings: 150355.420314

OS Grid: TQ237503

Mapcode National: GBR JHZ.92K

Mapcode Global: VHGS9.0431

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 200m north of Flanchford Road: part of Reigate Heath round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008849

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20170

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Buckland

Built-Up Area: Reigate

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Reigate

Church of England Diocese: Southwark


The monument includes the remains of a bowl barrow, one of a group of seven
forming a linear round barrow cemetery aligned north-west to south-east along
the crest of a ridge of Lower Greensand. There are no visible earthwork
remains but below ground features including central burials and pits are
likely to survive. In 1931 the barrow was recorded as a small flat mound 8.2m
in diameter and 0.3m high. Surrounding the area of the mound is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This
also survives as a buried feature c.1m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite only buried features remaining, the bowl barrow 200m north of
Flanchford Road is an integral part of the Reigate Heath round barrow cemetery
and, as such, contributes to an understanding and insight into the nature and
scale of human population in the area during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, , Vol. 79, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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