Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Graffham Down

A Scheduled Monument in Graffham, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9389 / 50°56'19"N

Longitude: -0.6953 / 0°41'43"W

OS Eastings: 491764.965806

OS Northings: 116300.892695

OS Grid: SU917163

Mapcode National: GBR DFQ.50B

Mapcode Global: FRA 96FM.GY5

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Graffham Down

Scheduled Date: 9 May 1963

Last Amended: 12 October 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008739

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20086

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Graffham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Graffham St Giles with Woolavington St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a ridge of chalk
downland. The barrow comprises a central mound 15m in diameter and 1.4m high
which has a slight hollow in the centre suggesting that it was once partially
excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground
level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature
c.3m wide.
The fence which runs east-west to the south of the mound is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation and some probable tree root damage, the
bowl barrow on Graffham Down survives comparatively well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934)

Source: Historic England

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