Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Waltham Down, 200m east of cross roads: part of Waltham Down round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Graffham, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9226 / 50°55'21"N

Longitude: -0.6802 / 0°40'48"W

OS Eastings: 492859.950499

OS Northings: 114516.890529

OS Grid: SU928145

Mapcode National: GBR FH8.2VR

Mapcode Global: FRA 96GN.W91

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Waltham Down, 200m east of cross roads: part of Waltham Down round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 26 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009914

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20061

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Graffham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: East Dean, Singleton and West Dean

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a chalk ridge
running west from Waltham Down. It forms part of a linear round barrow
cemetery consisting of five bowl barrows spread over a distance of 350m. This
Bronze Age burial mound is the central barrow within the group of five and has
a mound 21.5m in diameter and 1.5m high. A surrounding ditch, from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument, is no longer
visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years. It does
however survive as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite damage likely to have been caused by tree roots, the bowl barrow on
Waltham Down, 200m east of the cross roads, survives comparatively well and
contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934)

Source: Historic England

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