Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Westburton Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Bury, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9102 / 50°54'36"N

Longitude: -0.5901 / 0°35'24"W

OS Eastings: 499217.17096

OS Northings: 113246.071387

OS Grid: SU992132

Mapcode National: GBR FHD.TWK

Mapcode Global: FRA 96NP.MYH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Westburton Hill

Scheduled Date: 7 April 1967

Last Amended: 23 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008723

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20084

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Bury

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Bury St John the Evangelist with Houghton St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow surviving as an earthwork and situated on
the crest of a rise in chalk downland. The barrow comprises a mound 24m in
diameter and 1m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible
at ground level having become infilled over the years but now survives as a
buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation and slight damage from cultivation, the
bowl barrow on Westburton Hill survives comparatively well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934)
Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 91 SE 8, (1952)
Ordnance Survey, SU91SE8, (1971)

Source: Historic England

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