Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows south-east of Egg Bottom Coppice

A Scheduled Monument in Bignor, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.9103 / 50°54'36"N

Longitude: -0.594 / 0°35'38"W

OS Eastings: 498943.826804

OS Northings: 113251.682286

OS Grid: SU989132

Mapcode National: GBR FHD.SRN

Mapcode Global: FRA 96NP.LF0

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows south-east of Egg Bottom Coppice

Scheduled Date: 7 April 1967

Last Amended: 23 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008722

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20083

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Bignor

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Bury St John the Evangelist with Houghton St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes two bowl barrows situated on the crest of a ridge in an
area of undulating chalk downland. The most northern of the two barrows
comprises a mound 25m in diameter and 1.5m high surrounded by a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has
become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m
The barrow to the south has a central mound 28m in diameter and 1.5m high and
is also surrounded by a ditch which survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
Both barrows have hollows in the centre of the mounds which suggests that they
were both once partially excavated.
The barn and all fencing are excluded from the scheduling although the ground
beneath these is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the two bowl barrows south-east of Egg
Bottom Coppice survive well and contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934)
Austin, L, Worked Flint (probably Bronze Age), (1991)

Source: Historic England

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