Ancient Monuments

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Standing stone 550m north-east of Old Rothbury hillfort

A Scheduled Monument in Rothbury, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.3143 / 55°18'51"N

Longitude: -1.9204 / 1°55'13"W

OS Eastings: 405148.712368

OS Northings: 602250.755155

OS Grid: NU051022

Mapcode National: GBR H61Z.1S

Mapcode Global: WHB0Q.GPRB

Entry Name: Standing stone 550m north-east of Old Rothbury hillfort

Scheduled Date: 25 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008698

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20888

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Rothbury

Built-Up Area: Rothbury

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes a standing stone of Late Neolithic/Bronze Age date.
Situated at the eastern end of a ridge in an area of naturally outcropping
rock, the location has extensive views over the Coquet Valley to the south and
west. The stone, almost square in section, measures 0.7m across with 0.8m of
its height above ground. The top is pitted and gullied, some of the gullies
extend down the sides. These gullies are the result of weathering by natural
processes.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few
excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs,
ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often
conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can
be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round
barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included
stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth
containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds.
Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones,
which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and
ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show
they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and
domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing
stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant
examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in
Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds.
Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high
longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and
those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be
considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone above Old Rothbury is an undisturbed example of an uncommon
feature of the Northumberland landscape. Its importance is enhanced by the
survival of other ritual monuments of a similar date in the vicinity,
including cup and ring marked rocks and cairns.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hope-Dodds, M, The Victoria History of the County of Northumberland: Volume XV, (1940)
Other
NU 00 SE 21,

Source: Historic England

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