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Stone hut circle 770m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.513 / 50°30'46"N

Longitude: -3.9801 / 3°58'48"W

OS Eastings: 259705.071015

OS Northings: 70006.526139

OS Grid: SX597700

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.43FR

Mapcode Global: FRA 27KP.TGZ

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 770m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

Scheduled Date: 7 June 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008648

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22389

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the eastern edge of an
unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, lying on a west-facing slope
overlooking Newleycombe Lake. The structure is terraced into the hillside and
is composed of a stone and earth wall surrounding a circular internal area.
The interior of the hut circle measures 4m in diameter and the 1.6m wide wall
stands up to 0.6m high. The doorway, which survives as a partly blocked gap in
the surrounding wall, is lined on the east and faces south.
This monument lies within an area which has been extensively mined for tin,
and earthworks associated with this activity survive nearby.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of considerable tin mining within the immediate vicinity, the
stone hut circle 770m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross survives comparatively
well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating
to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which
they lived. As such, it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze
Age occupation on the south western part of the Moor. Only two unenclosed
stone hut circle settlements survive in the Newleycombe Lake valley and this
hut forms part of the eastern settlement.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE37,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

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