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Two stone hut circles 850m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross, forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.513 / 50°30'46"N

Longitude: -3.9811 / 3°58'51"W

OS Eastings: 259633.323549

OS Northings: 70003.268822

OS Grid: SX596700

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.4363

Mapcode Global: FRA 27KP.T0T

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles 850m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross, forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement

Scheduled Date: 7 June 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008647

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22388

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes two stone hut circles situated on the western edge of
an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, lying on a west-facing slope
overlooking Newleycombe Lake. Both stone hut circles are terraced into the
hillside and are composed of stone and earth walls surrounding circular
internal areas. The interior of the western building measures 5m in diameter
and the 1.7m wide wall stands up to 0.6m high. The interior of the eastern
hut measures 3.6m in diameter and is defined by a 1.3m wide wall standing up
to 0.6m high. This monument lies within an area which has been extensively
mined for tin, and earthworks associated with this activity survive nearby.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of considerable tin mining within the immediate vicinity, the
two stone hut circles 850m west of Siward's or Nun's Cross survive
comparatively well and contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument, the economy of the inhabitants and the
landscape in which they lived. As such, the hut circles provide a valuable
insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the south western part of
the Moor. Only two unenclosed stone hut circle settlements survive in the
Newleycombe Lake valley and these huts form part of the eastern settlement.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE37,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

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