Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Prehistoric enclosure north of Little Pie, Burnmoor

A Scheduled Monument in Eskdale, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.4069 / 54°24'24"N

Longitude: -3.2556 / 3°15'20"W

OS Eastings: 318599.16723

OS Northings: 502001.403627

OS Grid: NY185020

Mapcode National: GBR 5KPH.Z0

Mapcode Global: WH713.YHWF

Entry Name: Prehistoric enclosure north of Little Pie, Burnmoor

Scheduled Date: 18 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008533

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23694

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Eskdale

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Eskdale St Catherine

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a prehistoric enclosure occupying a gently sloping shelf on
the fellside north of a rocky summit known as Little Pie. It is located at the
south eastern end of a large area of open moorland known as Burnmoor which
contains an abundance of prehistoric remains. The monument includes an
irregularly-shaped enclosure having a boundary wall of largely turf and
bracken covered stones and rubble which measures 0.75m - 2m wide and up to
0.3m high. On the south eastern side the boundary of the enclosure appears to
have been formed by the base of a crag. The enclosure measures a maximum of
160m by 110m internally and contains an area of approximately 1.4ha.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Within the upland landscape of Cumbria there are many discrete plots of land
enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the
Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They
were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were
sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers
and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary depending
upon their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and
relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the
diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The prehistoric enclosure north of Little Pie survives reasonably well and is
a good example of this class of monument. An unusual aspect of this site is
its use of a natural feature - the base of a crag - to form one side of the
enclosure. It lies close to other prehistoric monuments and thus indicates the
importance of this area in prehistoric times and the diversity of monument
classes to be found here.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Leech, R H, The Lake District National Park Survey - Burnmoor, (1992), 9

Source: Historic England

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