Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Green How West unenclosed prehistoric hut circle settlement 540m NNE of Birkerthwaite

A Scheduled Monument in Eskdale, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.3766 / 54°22'35"N

Longitude: -3.2615 / 3°15'41"W

OS Eastings: 318156.146074

OS Northings: 498634.643886

OS Grid: SD181986

Mapcode National: GBR 5KNT.PW

Mapcode Global: WH719.W834

Entry Name: Green How West unenclosed prehistoric hut circle settlement 540m NNE of Birkerthwaite

Scheduled Date: 5 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019618

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32892

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Eskdale

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Eskdale St Catherine

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument includes Green How West unenclosed prehistoric hut circle
settlement, located on the west-facing slopes of Green How, a short distance
above the enclosed land, 540m NNE of Birkerthwaite. It represents Bronze Age
exploitation of this landscape and includes the remains of a group of three
stone hut circles. The northern hut circle measures 5.6m in diameter with an
entrance on its northern side and walls up to 0.6m high. The south western hut
circle measures 3.6m in diameter with an entrance on its south western side
and walls up to 0.4m high. The south eastern hut circle measures 5.7m in
diameter with entances on the east and west sides and walls up to 0.35m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Cumbrian uplands comprise large areas of remote mountainous terrain, much
of which is largely open fellside. As a result of archaeological surveys
between 1980 and 1990 within the Lake District National Park, these fells have
become one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the open fells
there is sufficient well preserved and understood evidence over extensive
areas for human exploitation of these uplands from the Neolithic to the post-
medieval period. On the enclosed land and within forestry the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but they survive sufficiently well to show that human
activity extended beyond the confines of the open fells. Bronze Age activity
accounts for the most extensive use of the area, and evidence for it includes
some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairn fields in
England, as well as settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles
and other ceremonial remains. Taken together, their remains can provide a
detailed insight into life in the later prehistoric period. Of additional
importance is the well-preserved and often visible relationship between the
remains of earlier and later periods, since this provides an understanding of
changes in land use through time. Because of their rarity in a national
context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, most
prehistoric monuments on the Lake District fells will be identified as
nationally important.

Green How West unenclosed prehistoric hut circle settlement 540m NNE of
Birkerthwaite survives well and forms part of a large area of well-preserved
prehistoric landscape extending along the fellsides of south west Cumbria. In
conjunction with a wide range of other prehistoric remains in the vicinity,
the monument represents evidence of long term management and exploitation of
this area in prehistoric times.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Leech, R, Birkby Fell Survey Catalogue, (1982)
Leech, R, Birkby Fell Survey Catalogue, (1982)
Leech, R, Birkby Fell Survey Catalogue, (1982)
Quartermaine, J, Leech, R H, Upland Settlement of the Lake District: Result of Recent Surveys, (1997), 60-73

Source: Historic England

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