Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 670m NNE of Middle House

A Scheduled Monument in Newbrough, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.0266 / 55°1'35"N

Longitude: -2.2378 / 2°14'16"W

OS Eastings: 384893.813584

OS Northings: 570254.905639

OS Grid: NY848702

Mapcode National: GBR DBT9.9X

Mapcode Global: WHB1X.LXLF

Entry Name: Round cairn, 670m NNE of Middle House

Scheduled Date: 20 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008432

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25050

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Newbrough

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Warden

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of prehistoric date,
situated on a gentle south east facing slope. The cairn, of earth and stone
construction, measures 13m in diameter and stands to a height of 0.5m. The top
of the cairn has the appearance of being rather flattened, the probable result
of unrecorded partial excavation in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn NNE of Middle House survives well and contains significant
archaeological deposits. It is one of a scatter of cairns situated in an area
adjacent to the Roman frontier and will contribute to our knowledge and
understanding of the pre-Roman landscape here.

Source: Historic England


NY 87 SW 24,

Source: Historic England

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