Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 1.1km west of Middle House

A Scheduled Monument in Haydon, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.0213 / 55°1'16"N

Longitude: -2.2601 / 2°15'36"W

OS Eastings: 383464.1455

OS Northings: 569674.666556

OS Grid: NY834696

Mapcode National: GBR DBNC.HS

Mapcode Global: WHB23.71ZW

Entry Name: Round cairn, 1.1km west of Middle House

Scheduled Date: 23 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008420

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25058

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Haydon

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Warden

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated
in a prominent position on edge of the steep slopes above the Settlingstones
Burn. The cairn, composed of stone and earth, measures 8m in diameter and
stands to a maximum height of 1m on the eastern side. A hole in the centre
of the cairn is the result of partial excavation in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite some damage to its centre, the cairn west of Middle House survives
reasonably well and contains significant archaeological deposits. It is one of
a number of cairns situated in an area adjacent to the Roman frontier and will
contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the nature and extent of
settlement and activity here before the arrival of the Romans.

Source: Historic England


NY 86 NW 16,

Source: Historic England

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