Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 900m north east of Wayrham Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0094 / 54°0'34"N

Longitude: -0.7162 / 0°42'58"W

OS Eastings: 484229.581623

OS Northings: 457809.707369

OS Grid: SE842578

Mapcode National: GBR RQF2.RG

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.ZH34

Entry Name: Round barrow 900m north east of Wayrham Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 6 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008362

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21092

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirby Underdale All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow above Bradeham Dale. The mound
has been ploughed over many years and is much rounded and spread. The barrow
mound has a height of only 0.2m, and a diameter of 25m. Although no longer
visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become in-
filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The mound was
excavated by J R Mortimer in May 1867, when two cremations and a number of
pottery fragments were found.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation and plough damage, the barrow will still retain
significant information on its original form and on the manner and duration of
its usage, and evidence of the burials placed within it.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 129-130
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 129-133

Source: Historic England

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