Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 850m north east of Wayrham Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0088 / 54°0'31"N

Longitude: -0.7156 / 0°42'56"W

OS Eastings: 484271.3228

OS Northings: 457741.292

OS Grid: SE842577

Mapcode National: GBR RQF2.WP

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.ZHDM

Entry Name: Round barrow 850m north east of Wayrham Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 6 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008351

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21091

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirby Underdale All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow on the Wayrham brow. The mound
is much spread and survives to a height of 0.5m, with a diameter of 20m.
Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was
excavated during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound.
This has become in-filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m
wide. The barrow mound has been spread by ploughing to cover 1m of the ditch's
width. In 1867 the barrow mound was excavated by J R Mortimer, when three
graves, with four burials and associated grave goods, and five secondary
cremations were found.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation and reduction by ploughing this barrow remains
visible and will retain archaeological information on the manner and duration
of its use.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Clarke, D L, The Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, (1970), 508
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 129-133
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 130-132
'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Yorkshire Archaeological Journal Volume 39, , Vol. 39, (1958), 7
'Antiquaries Journal' in Antiquaries Journal Volume II, , Vol. II, (1922), 225-226
'Antiquaries Journal' in Antiquaries Journal Volume XII, , Vol. XII, (1932), 16, 159

Source: Historic England

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