Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Medieval farmstead, 650m north west of Clennell

A Scheduled Monument in Alwinton, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.3602 / 55°21'36"N

Longitude: -2.1244 / 2°7'27"W

OS Eastings: 392210.629291

OS Northings: 607359.070294

OS Grid: NT922073

Mapcode National: GBR F6LG.WB

Mapcode Global: WHB0F.BJMN

Entry Name: Medieval farmstead, 650m north west of Clennell

Scheduled Date: 29 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008280

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25021

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Alwinton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a farmstead of medieval date situated
upon gentle east facing slopes above the River Alwin. It is visible as four
irregular contiguous enclosures and the remains of two rectangular houses. The
enclosures are bounded by earthen banks 4m wide which stand to a height of
0.7m. The largest of the four enclosures measures a maximum of 17m by 21m and
the smallest 8m by 6m. The rectangular houses are attached to the outside of
the most easterly enclosure and measure 4m by 6m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Farmsteads, normally occupied by only one or two families and comprising small
groups of buildings with attached yards, gardens and enclosures, were a
characteristic feature of the medieval rural landscape. They occur throughout
the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local
topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the
region. In some areas of dispersed settlement they were the predominant
settlement form; elsewhere they existed alongside, or were components of, more
nucleated settlement patterns. The sites of many farmsteads have been
occupied down to the present day but others were abandoned as a result of, for
example, declining economic viability, enclosure or emparkment, or epidemics
like the Black Death. In the northern border areas, recurring cross-border
raids and military activities also disrupted agricultural life and led to
abandonments. Farmsteads are a common and long-lived monument type; the
archaeological deposits on those which were abandoned are often well-preserved
and provide important information on regional and national settlement patterns
and farming economies, and on changes in these through time.

The farmstead 650m north west of Clennell survives well and retains
significant archaeological deposits. It will add to our understanding and
knowledge of medieval rural settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England


NT 90 NW 22,
RAF 106G/UK 628/3250-57, (1945)

Source: Historic England

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