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Clennell Street palisaded settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Alwinton, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.3623 / 55°21'44"N

Longitude: -2.1305 / 2°7'49"W

OS Eastings: 391821.97876

OS Northings: 607594.116287

OS Grid: NT918075

Mapcode National: GBR F6KF.JL

Mapcode Global: WHB0F.7HQ1

Entry Name: Clennell Street palisaded settlement

Scheduled Date: 14 November 1984

Last Amended: 22 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008272

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25013

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Alwinton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a palisaded settlement of Early Iron Age
date situated slightly below the crest of a hill on a south facing slope. The
settlement comprises the remains of at least seven circular timber houses
ranging in size from 5m to 10m in diameter. Surrounding the houses there are
the remains of the shallow groove of a rock cut palisade trench.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A palisaded hilltop enclosure is a small defended site of domestic function
dating to the Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age (c.550-440 BC). Their
distribution is largely restricted to north-eastern England, the Borders and
southern Scotland. They are generally located on spurs, promontories or
hilltops covering areas of less then 0.4ha. The boundaries of these sites are
marked by single or double rock-cut trenches which originally formed the
settings for substantial palisades. Remains of circular buildings are found
within the palisaded areas, along with evidence for fenced stock enclosures.
Palisaded sites are the earliest type of defended settlements recorded in the
area and are thought to be a product of increasingly unsettled social
conditions in the later prehistoric period. They imply an extensive use of
timber, confirmation that large areas were heavily wooded at this time.
Although the palisades at individual sites may have undergone several phases
of replacement or refurbishment it is thought that the tradition of building
this type of site spanned only around 150 years. After this the use of earthen
banks and ditches to form the defensive perimeter became more common.
Excavation has demonstrated that at several sites the earthen defences were
preceded by timber palisades.
Palisaded enclosures are a rare monument type with fewer than 200 known
examples. They are an important element of the later prehistoric settlement
pattern and are important for any study of the developing use of defended
settlements during the later prehistoric period. All identified surviving
examples are believed to be nationally important.

Clennell Street palisaded settlement is reasonably well preserved and retains
significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a group of palisaded
settlements in the border area of England and Scotland and will contribute to
our knowledge and understanding of Early Iron Age settlement and activity
in the north.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
621,

Source: Historic England

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