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Moat, three fishponds, enclosures, hollow way and part of a road at Hall Yard

A Scheduled Monument in Weston, Nottinghamshire

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Latitude: 53.2038 / 53°12'13"N

Longitude: -0.8469 / 0°50'48"W

OS Eastings: 477116.206563

OS Northings: 368032.164452

OS Grid: SK771680

Mapcode National: GBR BHQ.2PP

Mapcode Global: WHFGW.YQWS

Entry Name: Moat, three fishponds, enclosures, hollow way and part of a road at Hall Yard

Scheduled Date: 13 April 1955

Last Amended: 11 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008247

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23206

County: Nottinghamshire

Civil Parish: Weston

Traditional County: Nottinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Nottinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Weston

Church of England Diocese: Southwell and Nottingham


The monument includes the moat, three fishponds, enclosures, a hollow way and
part of the former route of a major road at Hall Yard. The latter includes a
ford across Moorhouse Beck. The moat is situated at the north-west corner of
the monument and includes a rectangular platform measuring 32m x 38m
surrounded by an 18m wide ditch. An outer revetment bank is visible on the
south and east sides of the ditch and is 9m wide by 1m high. The moated
platform is raised c.1m higher than the surrounding area and the ditch is c.2m
deep. There is a probable bridging point from the road to the platform c.15m
from the south-east corner of the latter. To the west of the moat, alongside
Moorhouse Beck, are the remains of three rectangular fishponds of which the
northernmost is the largest at 20m from north to south by 11m from east to
west. It survives to a depth of c.1.5m whereas the remaining fishponds have
been partially filled in and appear as shallow sunken areas varying in depth
between 0.5m and 1m. The middle pond measures 7m from east to west by 5m from
north to south while the south pond is roughly 12m x 14m. Both the north and
south ponds are connected to the stream via sluices which lead from the south-
west and north-west corners respectively.

The bank along the east side of the moat forms the west side of a rectangular
banked enclosure measuring 70m from north to south by 40m from east to west.
The eastern half of this enclosure is subdivided by additional banks and
ditches to create two smaller pens. Part of another small enclosure exists to
the east but appears to have been truncated by the modern field boundary. A
long linear ditch measuring c.3m wide by 0.75m deep runs along the southern
edge of these enclosures and along the south side of the moat. This ditch
marks the north side of the road which bisects the site. This road is c.16m
wide and also flanked by a ditch along the south side. Due to its size and
form it was clearly a road of some importance and has been interpreted as part
of the former course of the Great North Road. Parts of this road are known to
have originated in the Roman period though this section, in its surviving
form, appears to date to the late medieval or post medieval period. At its
western extreme, the road crosses Moorhouse Beck via a now obsolete ford. At
this point, near present day Cliff Bridge, it rejoins the current Great North
Road (the B1164). Further remains relating to the road are expected to exist
east of the area of the scheduling but their extent and state of survival are
not yet sufficiently understood for them to be included in the scheduling.
The banked enclosures to the south of the road are similar in form to those on
the north side and include four main enclosures with, in some cases, evidence
of sub-divisions and, in one case, the earthwork remains of a long building,
possibly a barn or byre, with two small yards attached. Without excavation,
it is impossible to fully identify these features but, as they do not have the
appearance of individual house-plots and crofts, they have been interpreted as
manorial enclosures related to the medieval or post medieval manor house that
would have occupied the moat. They were served by the sunken track or hollow
way that extends along the south side.

A number of features in the area are excluded from the scheduling. These are
the boundary fences, gates and telegraph poles, however the ground beneath
these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat at Hall Yard is a good example of a large manorial moat with attached
fishponds and enclosures and is unusual in that it is associated with a major
medieval road and ford. Since it has suffered only minor disturbance since it
was abandoned, the remains of buildings and structures will survive well
throughout the monument, along with the relationship between the road and
manorial complex.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Nottinghamshire: Volume I, (1906), 311

Source: Historic England

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