Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 190m south east of Blackcap

A Scheduled Monument in East Chiltington, East Sussex

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Latitude: 50.8947 / 50°53'41"N

Longitude: -0.0453 / 0°2'42"W

OS Eastings: 537566.260479

OS Northings: 112404.064789

OS Grid: TQ375124

Mapcode National: GBR KPM.TLC

Mapcode Global: FRA B6SQ.XX5

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 190m south east of Blackcap

Scheduled Date: 20 March 1967

Last Amended: 8 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008160

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24385

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: East Chiltington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Plumpton with East Chiltington-cum-Novington

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a pair of bowl barrows orientated north-south and
situated on a ridge of the Sussex Downs near the summit of Blackcap.
The most southerly of the pair is the largest, with a circular mound 8.6m in
diameter, surviving to a height of 0.45m. A hollow in the centre of the mound
suggests that the barrow may have been partially excavated. Surrounding the
mound is a ditch from which material used to construct it was excavated.
Although this is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled
over the years, it survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
One metre north of the large mound, and partly overlying its buried ditch, is
a second barrow with a circular mound 5.3m in diameter and 0.35m high. A small
hollow in the centre suggests that this mound has also been partially
excavated. The smaller mound is also surrounded by a buried ditch c.1m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the two bowl barrows 190m south east
of Blackcap survive well and will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 258

Source: Historic England

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