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Bowl barrow 550m south east of Ditchling Cross: part of Plumpton Plain round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in East Chiltington, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8965 / 50°53'47"N

Longitude: -0.0595 / 0°3'34"W

OS Eastings: 536561.046451

OS Northings: 112578.147993

OS Grid: TQ365125

Mapcode National: GBR KPL.PRS

Mapcode Global: FRA B6RQ.YF5

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 550m south east of Ditchling Cross: part of Plumpton Plain round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008151

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24376

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: East Chiltington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Plumpton with East Chiltington-cum-Novington

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of a group of 15 round barrows
forming a linear round barrow cemetery running from west to east along a ridge
of the Sussex Downs.
The barrow, the second most westerly of the group, has a circular mound 16m in
diameter and 0.4m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests that the
barrow has been partially excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from
which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This is no longer
visible at ground level as it has become infilled over the years, but will
survive as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age. Most examples were constructed in the
period 2400-1500 BC. They occur across most of lowland Britain and, although
superficially similar in appearance, exhibit regional variations of form and a
diversity of burial practices.
Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow 550m south east of
Ditchling Cross survives well and will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 258
Other
Ordnance Survey, TQ 31 SE 8B, (1973)

Source: Historic England

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