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Bowl barrow 200m south of Green Street and 1100m east of the Avebury henge monument, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Avebury Down

A Scheduled Monument in Avebury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4314 / 51°25'52"N

Longitude: -1.8359 / 1°50'9"W

OS Eastings: 411503.747581

OS Northings: 170273.182534

OS Grid: SU115702

Mapcode National: GBR 3VL.BMS

Mapcode Global: VHB45.4992

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 200m south of Green Street and 1100m east of the Avebury henge monument, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Avebury Down

Scheduled Date: 28 April 1949

Last Amended: 10 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008110

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21743

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Avebury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow 200m south of Green Street and 1100m east
of the Avebury henge monument. The barrow forms part of a dispersed round
barrow cemetery positioned on a west-facing slope overlooking the Kennet
Valley. The cemetery consists of at least ten round barrows. This bowl barrow
has been reduced by cultivation in the past and the mound has been spread up
and down the slope by ploughing but is visible as a slightly oval earthen
mound measuring 25m east-west, 20m north-south and up to 0.4m high.
Surrounding the original 20m diameter mound is a quarry ditch from which
material was taken during its construction. This has become infilled over the
years but survives below ground as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrow 200m south of
Green Street survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it
was constructed. The barrow is one of few in the Avebury area not to have been
excavated.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SU 17 SW 58, RCHM(E), An oval bowl barrow, (1974)
SU17SW653, CAO, BOWL BARROW, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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