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Medieval moated tile kiln 250m north east of North Grange Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wawne, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8495 / 53°50'58"N

Longitude: -0.3302 / 0°19'48"W

OS Eastings: 509946.789108

OS Northings: 440542.13948

OS Grid: TA099405

Mapcode National: GBR VR4X.9T

Mapcode Global: WHGF5.WHYR

Entry Name: Medieval moated tile kiln 250m north east of North Grange Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 August 1960

Last Amended: 1 December 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008039

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21182

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Wawne

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Wawne St Peter

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument is a moated medieval tile kiln. It includes a central
rectangular island enclosed by a dry moat and remains of an external bank.
The raised island is 30m in length north-south and 40m east-west. It's surface
is uneven and pitted, the result of partial excavations in 1958. The
surrounding moat is 1m deep; the northern arm is 3m wide, the eastern is 10m
wide and both the southern and western arms are 6m wide. An external bank 0.4m
high and 5m wide is visible to the east of the moat.
The site was discovered by G K Beaulah in 1930; excavations were carried out
on the island in 1958 by the British Museum and Cambridge Geophysical
Laboratory. Two clay floors, tile kilns and tiles were recovered from the
site. The workshop first produced floor tiles for the abbey church at Meaux,
which was paved during the abbacy of William de Dryffield (1249-1269). When
the paving work was completed the tile kiln was demolished and a kiln for roof
tiles was built on the site. Following a fire which destroyed that kiln a
second tile kiln was built. This kiln is thought to date to the 1270s or
1280s.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site is unusual in that it was used for industrial purposes, having
tile kilns on the island. Further remains of the tile-making activities will
be preserved on the island, containing information additional to that which
has been recovered by partial excavation. The surrounding moat will retain
conditions suitable for the preservation of environmental remains.
The site is also important because it can be linked to the nearby major abbey
of Meaux; it will contribute to any study of the establishment and building of
the abbey.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Le Patourel, H E J, Moated site of Yorkshire, (1973), 115
Loughlin, N, Miller, K, Survey of Archaeological Sites in Humberside, (1979), 37
Platt, C, The Monastic Grange in Medieval England, (1969), 224
Poulson, G, History and Antiquities of Holderness, (1841), 293
Eames, E, 'Medieval Archaeology' in A 13th Century Tile Kiln at North Grange, Meaux, Beverley..., , Vol. 5, (1961), 142

Source: Historic England

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