Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Calton Pastures, 850m south of Calton Houses

A Scheduled Monument in Nether Haddon, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2052 / 53°12'18"N

Longitude: -1.6352 / 1°38'6"W

OS Eastings: 424462.640559

OS Northings: 367627.591632

OS Grid: SK244676

Mapcode National: GBR 581.1DF

Mapcode Global: WHCD7.VPJQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Calton Pastures, 850m south of Calton Houses

Scheduled Date: 16 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007998

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23255

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Nether Haddon

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Edensor St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument is one of a dispersed alignment of five bowl barrows situated on
Calton Pastures in the eastern gritstone moorlands of Derbyshire. It includes
a roughly circular flat-topped mound measuring 21m by 19m and standing c.1m
high. A partial excavation of the barrow was carried out by Thomas Bateman in
1850 when a disturbed sandstone cist or grave was found containing the remains
of a cremation and some burnt lead ore. The discoveries date the barrow to the
Bronze Age.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

All the barrows on Calton Pastures have been disturbed by excavation but all
are nevertheless reasonably well preserved and retain substantial areas of
intact archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 64-65

Source: Historic England

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