Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Calton Pastures, 1200m west of Calton Houses

A Scheduled Monument in Bakewell, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.2136 / 53°12'48"N

Longitude: -1.6514 / 1°39'4"W

OS Eastings: 423379.06197

OS Northings: 368559.800951

OS Grid: SK233685

Mapcode National: GBR 57T.HBP

Mapcode Global: WHCD7.LHV7

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Calton Pastures, 1200m west of Calton Houses

Scheduled Date: 16 March 1955

Last Amended: 12 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007994

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23251

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Bakewell

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Edensor St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Derby


The monument is one of a dispersed alignment of five bowl barrows situated on
Calton Pastures in the eastern gritstone moorlands of Derbyshire. It includes
a sub-circular mound measuring 17m by 15m and standing c.1m high. Surrounding
the barrow, but not included in the scheduling, are earthworks left by ridge
and furrow ploughing. This and subsequent ploughing has slightly altered the
shape of the barrow, which would originally have been more uniformly circular.
A partial excavation carried out by Thomas Bateman in 1850 revealed a pit in
the old land surface beneath the centre of the barrow in which was found
pieces of burnt lead ore. Bateman interpreted this as evidence for a cremation
burial since the other excavated barrows on Calton Pastures had all contained
cremations. In addition, two flint scrapers were found after the barrow was
ploughed in 1968. Together, the remains indicate a Late Neolithic or Early
Bronze Age date for the barrow.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

All the barrows on Calton Pastures have been disturbed by excavation and
ploughing, but all are nevertheless reasonably well preserved and retain
substantial areas of intact archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 22
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 64-65
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 32-33

Source: Historic England

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