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Moated site 230m south east of St Peter and St Paul's Church

A Scheduled Monument in Weston-in-Gordano, North Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4624 / 51°27'44"N

Longitude: -2.799 / 2°47'56"W

OS Eastings: 344589.104789

OS Northings: 174021.12058

OS Grid: ST445740

Mapcode National: GBR JG.M0N9

Mapcode Global: VH7C2.FHNR

Entry Name: Moated site 230m south east of St Peter and St Paul's Church

Scheduled Date: 20 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007914

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22860

County: North Somerset

Civil Parish: Weston-in-Gordano

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a rectangular moated site situated 230m south east of St
Peter and St Paul's Church. The site is situated on a low river terrace
overlooking an area of Levels to the south and overlooked by higher ground to
the north.
The moated site includes a slightly raised grass-covered island, which slopes
gently from north to south and has dimensions of 75m from east to west and
62.5m from north to south, surrounded by a partially waterfilled moat.
The northern, eastern and western arms of the moat have been largely infilled,
but are visible as earthworks 8m-10m wide and up to 1.5m deep. The southern
arm of the moat survives largely in its original form and is waterfilled.
The monument appears in several 18th century records and on the Tithe Map of
1838. The site lies in close proximity to a 15th century manor house
and, as the Perceval family is known to have been resident from the late 12th
century may represent its original position.
The site is likely to have served an industrial function as iron-based slag
deposits appear in an area towards the centre of the island.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the field
boundaries, although the underlying ground is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 230m south east of St Peter and St Paul's Church survives
comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental
information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed and later reused. The site is unusual in that it has produced
evidence for industrial activity.
This monument is one of a pair of contemporary sites which occur in close
proximity. This pairing is likely to give an insight into the medieval
occupation of this area, and the economy and fortunes of the site's
inhabitants between the 12th and 16th centuries AD. It has been suggested that
this is the original site of Weston Manor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Anderson, , Genealogical History of the House of Yvery, (1742), 421-2
Collinson, J, History of Somerset, (1791), 171-6
Other
Suggestion of early manor inside moat,

Source: Historic England

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