Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn west of White Raise

A Scheduled Monument in Shap Rural, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5142 / 54°30'51"N

Longitude: -2.7208 / 2°43'14"W

OS Eastings: 353430.447932

OS Northings: 513454.29635

OS Grid: NY534134

Mapcode National: GBR 9JF7.RK

Mapcode Global: WH81Y.5SMP

Entry Name: Round cairn west of White Raise

Scheduled Date: 18 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007611

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22492

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Shap Rural

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Shap with Swindale St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on the western edge of a plateau on the
open fell west of the summit of White Raise. It includes a slightly oval mound
of turf-covered stones up to 2.5m high with maximum dimensions of 15m by 14m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The monument survives well and is a rare survival in Cumbria of an unexcavated
example of this class of monument. It will contain undisturbed archaeological
deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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