Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 70m west of Lyvennet Beck

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5537 / 54°33'13"N

Longitude: -2.589 / 2°35'20"W

OS Eastings: 362000.253436

OS Northings: 517766.57932

OS Grid: NY620177

Mapcode National: GBR BHCS.8D

Mapcode Global: WH92Y.6SDX

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 70m west of Lyvennet Beck

Scheduled Date: 27 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007588

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22475

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a bowl barrow located on the lower slopes of the Lyvennet
valley a little above the floodplain and 70m west of Lyvennet Beck. It
includes a circular mound 11m diameter and up to 1.1m high. A survey
undertaken during the 1930's noted traces of a kerb of boulders, partially
obliterated by the spread of the mound, around the base of the barrow.
Although disturbance to the top of the mound was noted at the time of the
survey the monument is not known to have been excavated.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite afforestation of the area including the planting of fir trees on the
monument, the bowl barrow 70m west of Lyvennet Beck survives reasonably well.
It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon
the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)

Source: Historic England

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