Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure and unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot

A Scheduled Monument in Lydford, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6429 / 50°38'34"N

Longitude: -4.0345 / 4°2'4"W

OS Eastings: 256241.972266

OS Northings: 84550.704642

OS Grid: SX562845

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.GTRT

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FC.Q1X

Entry Name: Enclosure and unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1962

Last Amended: 22 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007539

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20352

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lydford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Widecombe-in-the-Moor St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes an enclosure and a large unenclosed stone hut circle
settlement situated on the lower part of a west-facing slope overlooking the
Rattle Brook. The enclosure measures 29m long by 24m wide, with an entrance
on its west side. The wall is of rubble construction, measures 1.1m wide and
stands up to 0.4m high. Four stone hut circles are attached to the enclosure
boundary and another lies in the centre.
The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement includes twenty-one stone hut
circles, eight of which are attached to boundary walls. The internal
diameters of the huts vary from 1.7m to 5m, with the average being 2.8m. The
walls are composed of stone and earth and stand between 0.2m and 0.7m high.
All the huts are circular in plan with the exception of one which is
sub-rectangular. One hut has a porch.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosure and unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 510m north of
Deadlake Foot survive well and represent particularly fine examples of their
class. They contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the landscape in which they were constructed and, as such, provide
a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side
of the moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monument Register, SX58SE25, (1985)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SE25, (1985)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58SE25, (1985)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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