Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles 310m south of Deadlake Foot

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Latitude: 50.6353 / 50°38'6"N

Longitude: -4.0353 / 4°2'6"W

OS Eastings: 256166.266548

OS Northings: 83705.976057

OS Grid: SX561837

Mapcode National: GBR Q1.H79Q

Mapcode Global: FRA 27FD.9QP

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles 310m south of Deadlake Foot

Scheduled Date: 12 August 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011563

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20358

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Widecombe-in-the-Moor St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


This monument includes two stone hut circles aligned east-west and situated on
the edge of the River Tavy flood plain at the foot of the Watern Oke
hillslope. The huts are terraced into the hillside and are composed of stone
and earth banks surrounding circular internal areas. The interior of the
western hut measures 2.5m in diameter and the wall stands 1.4m wide and 0.5m
high. The eastern hut measures 2m in diameter and is defined by a wall 1.3m
wide and 0.7m high. The doorway leading from this hut faces south-west and is
lined with stone slabs.
The flood plain to the south-west of the monument may contain further
archaeological features, but this area is not included within the scheduling
because a considerable peat accumulation means that no earthworks or other
structures have been identified.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles 310m south of Deadlake Foot survive comparatively
well and lie in close proximity to the large unenclosed stone hut circle
settlement at Watern Oke, which is one of the largest on Dartmoor.
Archaeological structures, features and deposits still survive in addition to
environmental evidence in the form of waterlogged deposits. Combined these
will provide a valuable insight into the economy of the site's inhabitants and
the landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England


Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Source: Historic England

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