Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 490m ENE of Rough Hill Tarn

A Scheduled Monument in Bampton, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5686 / 54°34'7"N

Longitude: -2.7757 / 2°46'32"W

OS Eastings: 349943.410993

OS Northings: 519543.177999

OS Grid: NY499195

Mapcode National: GBR 9H1M.V1

Mapcode Global: WH81Q.BFGG

Entry Name: Round cairn 490m ENE of Rough Hill Tarn

Scheduled Date: 16 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007365

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22536

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Bampton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Bampton St Patrick

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on a north easterly facing slope 490m
ENE of Rough Hill Tarn. It includes an irregularly-shaped mound of stones up
to 0.4m high with maximum dimensions of 12m by 9m. There is a triangular-
shaped earthfast boulder approximately 1m long incorporated in the cairn's
southern side.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite recent dumping of rubble and slate on the monument's summit, the round
cairn 490m ENE of Rough Hill Tarn survives reasonably well. It is not known to
have been excavated and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits
within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 23
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
SMR No. 1595, Cumbria SMR, Bampton, (1985)
To Quartermaine,J., Clare, T (County Archaeologist),

Source: Historic England

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