Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Linear stone bank on Askham Fell

A Scheduled Monument in Askham, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5893 / 54°35'21"N

Longitude: -2.7836 / 2°47'0"W

OS Eastings: 349461.676004

OS Northings: 521850.510634

OS Grid: NY494218

Mapcode National: GBR 9H0C.5M

Mapcode Global: WH81J.6XR4

Entry Name: Linear stone bank on Askham Fell

Scheduled Date: 31 July 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007363

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22534

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Askham

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Askham with Lowther

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a prehistoric stone bank located on a gentle west facing
hillside on Askham Fell. It is aligned north west - south east and includes a
stone bank measuring 37m long by 2.2m wide and 0.25m high that has kerbing
stones along its edges. The bank is orientated directly towards a ring cairn
100m to the north west and approximately towards the Cop Stone 280m to the
south east.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The early linear boundaries were constructed from the Bronze Age to the early
medieval period (c.2000 BC - AD 1066); closer dating within that period may be
provided by their visible relationships to other classes of monument. They
consist of stone walls, up to 3m wide and 1.1m high but usually much slighter,
and are formed of heaped rubble, often incorporating edge- or end-set slabs
called orthostats.
Linear boundaries served a variety of functions. These included separating
land regularly cultivated from that less intensively used, separating land
held by different social groups, or delineating areas set aside for
ceremonial, religious and funerary activities. Linear boundaries are often
associated with other forms of contemporary field system and contain examples
of an association, rarely encountered elsewhere. Hence certain linear
boundaries directly link several cairns, cists, standing stones and other
groups of prehistoric funerary monuments.
The stone bank on Askham Fell survives reasonably well. It is situated upon an
alignment of funerary monuments of Neolithic and Bronze Age date stretching
for over 1.5km along the natural communication route over a col between
Lowther and Ullswater valleys and is considered to be an original element of
this alignment. It thus indicates the importance of the area in prehistoric
times and will contribute to the study of the ceremonial function of funerary
monuments in this area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 20
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 23-4

Source: Historic England

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