Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Standing stone 135m north west of Menear Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Carlyon, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.3571 / 50°21'25"N

Longitude: -4.7648 / 4°45'53"W

OS Eastings: 203433.157423

OS Northings: 54457.364539

OS Grid: SX034544

Mapcode National: GBR N0.VZWP

Mapcode Global: FRA 08X3.1K9

Entry Name: Standing stone 135m north west of Menear Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 August 1977

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007283

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 1054

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Carlyon

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Boscoppa

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a standing stone, situated close to the summit of a prominent hill. The standing stone survives as an upright, earthfast tapering monolith of dark tourmaline and quartz rich granite measuring approximately 1.8m high and 0.9m wide by 0.5m thick at the base. Possible packing stones are visible at the foot of the stone. The nearby place name of 'Menear' is derived from the Cornish 'men' meaning stone and 'hir' meaning 'long' and is first mentioned in a document of 1525.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-431263

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. The standing stone 135m north west of Menear Farm survives well and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its erection, longevity, function, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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