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Part of a prehistoric field system and medieval strip fields 250m south west of Higher Bartinney

A Scheduled Monument in St. Just, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.1075 / 50°6'27"N

Longitude: -5.6516 / 5°39'5"W

OS Eastings: 139001.611435

OS Northings: 29436.740725

OS Grid: SW390294

Mapcode National: GBR DXFD.G1H

Mapcode Global: VH05G.0K2F

Entry Name: Part of a prehistoric field system and medieval strip fields 250m south west of Higher Bartinney

Scheduled Date: 1 February 1985

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007270

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 1094

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Just

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Just-in-Penwith

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes part of a prehistoric field system and medieval strip fields, situated on the northern lower slopes of Bartinney Downs. The field system survives as an area of small irregular fields, defined by low banks and lynchets and covers an area of approximately 4ha. Distinct rectilinear fields are visible in this area on aerial photographs. There are also a number of clearance cairns and a few mineral prospecting pits. To the south west are a number of well-preserved medieval strip fields, probably an outfield, which survives as a series of parallel narrow fields divided by low banks which is probably based on a modification of a prehistoric field system. This area is also has a number of mineral prospecting pits.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-421082

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric field systems are an unusual survival and contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, longevity, the social organisation and land allocation during prehistory, developments in agricultural techniques and crops and set the fields within their landscape context. When re-used during later periods this may be linked to fluctuating climatic changes or other social and economic factors including population pressure. When two such uses overlap the changes and developments in agricultural practices through time may be preserved. The part of a prehistoric field system and medieval strip fields 250m south west of Higher Bartinney survive comparatively well within the area of landscape mainly re-enclosed in the 19th century.

Source: Historic England

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